Gambling Laws in Romania

Gambling Laws in Romania

Gambling is a well-established industry in Romania occupying all forms of gambling activities such as casinos, betting shops, machine gaming both land-based and online. Romanians started gambling centuries ago during the Roman rule. Currently, Romania gambling industry is vast especially in sports betting.

A series of legislation all aiming at regulating the gambling industry have been passed over the years. Currently, gambling in Romania is regulated by several laws including the Government Emergency Ordinance of 2009 which is referred as the Game of Chance Law, the Secondary Game of Chance Law, the Government Emergency Ordinance of 2014 and the Government Decision, 2013. The National Gambling Office is the agency that regulates and oversee the application of these acts. Under these statutes, other subsidiary laws and regulations are derived.

The following are the laws and regulations that control gambling in Romania.

Age requirement and eligibility

For a person to start a gambling company or participate in any form of gambling in Romania, he/she must have 18 or more years. Any person below this age limit is not eligible because he/she is considered to be a child.

Gambling products

In Romania, gambling products are classified with respect to their definition in the Game of Chance Act. From this legislation, the gambling products which are recognized include:

  • Poker. According to the Game of Chance Act, land-based poker is a game played between players in a specific location. Online gambling such as online casinos is also recognized as poker.
  • Sports Betting. According to Game of Chance act, betting is an activity in which a participant must predict the outcome of a future event or which is randomly generated by an independent system. Three forms of betting are identified in the act which includes fixed-odds betting such as sports betting, mutual betting and exchange betting.
  • Casino games. These include roulette, cards, dice among others.
  • Slot machine gaming. Land-based slot machine gaming is categorized into three. Slot machine games, video lottery games, and games performed using electronic devices.
  • Bingo. There are also several types of bingo including land-based bingo games, remote bingo games, and bingo organized using television networks.
  • Lottery. These are games of chance which depend on random results of events.
  • Tombola which any of you probably know from any traditional event like dinner or other cultural occasion.

You might also like the article about the Gambling Law in Greece.

 

Land-based gambling licensing

Several things are required for an operator to conduct gambling activities in Romania. Any person holding land-based gambling must have a Class 1 license which is valid for ten years. The fee to be paid for the license vary depending on the type of gaming. Even though the permit is valid for ten years, an annual fee has to be paid for the license to be valid.

Online gambling licensing

For an operator to conduct online gambling activities, he/she must have a tested IT system and must hold a Class 2 license. Also, the software used for online gaming must be certified by the right Class 2 license holder. The categories of products licensed depend on the operator’s specifications. The license duration is also ten years.

Gambling tax deductions

Besides the license fee, an additional charge of EUR 400 must be paid along with the license fee by every operator. Land-based operators are also subject to a 16% tax. Also, online gambling operators are subject to tax if they are based in Romania. The players also pay a specific fee as a tax which depends on the amount won.

As observed, Romania’s gambling industry is very large. This is why the activities have to be controlled to avoid instances of frauds and to ensure the safety of participants.

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